A side note on titles and abbreviations: This abbreviated title rule does not always apply for the body of your paper. The OED may be called the OED in the body because, although it is an abbreviated form, people actually call it this (at least this is my explanation). Generally, abbreviated titles are only acceptable within citations, e.g. a paper on Love's Labour's Lost, while referring to the entire title in the prose, may, after the play has been identified, thereafter cite simply by using LLL followed by the act, scene and line number(s). However, the author would not say, "When the acting company first performed LLL?"-this is too informal, and while I have seen it done, it is rare and best avoided for our purposes. When we get into writing papers that compare and contrast multiple texts from this course, you'll be able to abbreviate Fight Club as FC and The Talented Mr. Ripley as TTMR in your citations, after the first time you've identified the text by its full name. In general, one word titles are not truncated to a single letter, so we won't be representing Vertigo as V.
Sympathy, as defined by the Oxford English Dictionary, canbe a "favourable attitude of mind towards a party" (OED, n. 3.d.).OR, if you've already mentioned the OED:sympathy can be a "favourable attitude of mind towards a party"(OED, n. 3.d.).OR, if you haven't yet mentioned the OED, and choose to deferidentifying the source until the citation itself, then:sympathy can be a "favourable attitude of mind towards a party"(Oxford English Dictionary, n. 3.d.).
I've attached the OED's entry for sympathy as a noun; as you'll see, there are four main definitions, and #1 and #3 have sub-definitions. The citation I use above shows my reader that I am referring first to the entry for sympathy as a noun, secondly that it is definition number 3, and thirdly that it is sub-definition d. Citing so specifically is crucial, especially since differences between various definitions can often be maddeningly subtle on first examination. If you are using a definition to shape or support your argument, you want to eliminate any possibility of misunderstanding on the part of your reader.
1. Watch the following shorts and highlight the terms that apply on the following pages. Then, discuss in a group and report to the class.
Room 8 (2104)
Room 8, made through the Bombay Saphire Imagination Series, won the 2014 BAFTA despite appearing to take a lot from the Oscar-nominated animation Delivery by German filmmaker Till Nowak. However, it is still a beautifully made and mind-bending short film in its own right (if you overlook the deja vu). An Englishman is dragged into a Russian prison cell, where his cellmate advises him not to be open a box on the bed. However, he opens it and must face the consequences…
Written by Johan Verschueren, Gridlock (Fait d’hiver) is an example of a perfect short film and was nominated for an Academy Award in 2003. Gridlock is a comic drama in which a businessman stuck in traffic (gridlock) decides to call his wife on his new mobile phone. However, he is told by his little girl that mummy is in the bedroom with ‘Uncle Wim’. On hearing this news, our hero gives his little girl a set of instructions, which she will carry out with amusing and tragic consequences.
Describing a film
If you’ve just seen a great film, you might want to tell your friends about it. Here are some tips for doing that. Make sure you know how to sequence your story, and use linking words to help others understand you.
Telling a story about a film
Here are some ways you can tell the story (plot) of a film you’ve seen.
- It’s set in…(New York / in the 1950’s).
- The film’s shot on location in Arizona.
- The main characters are … and they’re played by…
- It’s a mystery / thriller / love-story.
You can tell the story of the film in the present simple tense.
- Well, the main character decides to… (rob a bank)
- But when he drives there…
Giving your opinion
- I thought the film was great / OK / fantastic…
- The actors / costumes / screenplay are/is …
- The special effects are fantastic / terrible
- The best scene / the worst scene is when…
- The plot is believable / seems a bit unlikely
Not telling all
- You don’t want to spoil the film for your friends, so you can say something like:
- “I don’t want to spoil it for you, so I’m not going to tell you what happens in the end.”
- “You’ll have to go and see it for yourself.”
- “I don’t want to ruin the surprise for you.”
All these are useful words and phrases to spice up your description:
- true-to-life (a real story)
- the real story of
- remarkable (unusual, good)
- masterpiece (the best work someone has done)
Vocabulary for describing movies
- Here is a list of vocabulary that reviewers often use when describing movies.
- I have divided them into three categories: positive, negative, and neutral.
- Note that depending on the combination of words used, they may change from neutral to positive or negative.
Movie / Film vocabulary
- Spectacular scenes
- Uses simple and ordinary effects
- Technically and visually stunning
- Mediocre visuals
- A compelling work of science-fiction
- Unimaginative, implausible and ridiculous
- An eye-opening expose
- A cliché-ridden script and familiar narrative
- Chock full of high-tech dazzling action
- Features manic action
- Silliest blockbuster
- An offbeat but touching romantic comedy
- Slapdash comedy
- Light and entertaining
- Goes overboard with slapstick and effects
- Spiced with plenty of humor and affection
- Crude and offensive
- A funny political satire
- Lacks originality, ingenuity, humor, and charm
- Gut-busting laughs
- An overly melodramatic tearjerker
- Mammothly entertaining stuff
- Movie is skippable
- Dark, thrilling and mysterious
- A big-reveal thriller with surprises that do NOT surprise
- A clever, heart-pounding thriller
- An obvious, predictable plot
- Suspenseful expose
- A dull and repetitive interpretation
- Charismatic leads
- Merely passable acting
- Brilliant performance
- Poorly executed
- Unprecedented success
- Emotionally inadequate
- Refreshingly honest and utterly charming
- A tired and monotonous
- A well-acted, intensely shot, action filled war epic
- Fails to come up with interesting characters
Movie review vocabulary
Movie reviews include different elements of the movie including:
- Director – the person who directed the movie
- Rating – 1-5 number of stars, 5 stars is the best review
- Starring – the names of the actors in the movie
- Producer – the person/company that produced the movie
- Based on – used when a movie is based on a book
- Action/Adventure – fighting, chases, explosions, and fast scenes
- Animation – computer-animated or hand drawn characters
- Comedy – funny, funny, and more funny
- Documentary – story about someone or something that actually took place in history
- Drama – emotionally charged personal challenges
- Foreign – any movie not in English
- Horror/Thriller/Suspense/Mystery – dark, scary and bloody scenes
- Kids/Family – fun for the whole family
- Romance – a love story
- Sci-Fiction/Fantasy – not a true story, but based on make-believe, full of imaginative ideas
- and special effects
- Musical – story told with song and dance
Some other vocabulary related to film/movie
- catch a movie
- foreign film
- go to the movies
- main characters
- movie review
- movie theater
- science fiction
- suspense thriller
- buy some popcorn
- buy tickets
- catch a movie
- get a drink
- go to a movie theater
- read a movie review
- sit in an aisle seat
- wait in line
- watch a movie trailer
- watch the credits
- watch the previews
- take a seat
- at the front
- in the middle
- at the back
- x has much to recommend it.
- X is, at heart, a(n) love/spy/adventure story.
- It is based on a book by …
- It is set in the countryside/the future.
- The film has a quality cast.
- The film was directed by …
- The film score is enchanting/evocative/scary.
- The film captures the spirit of …
- The hero/heroine/villain is …
- I felt/thought it was …
- I was impressed by …
- What struck me most was …
- What I liked most/didn’t like was …
- The plot was gripping.
- The characters were very convincing/very well drawn.
- On reflection, I think it was …
- It struck me as being …
- What I didn’t understand was how …
- In spite of these few criticisms, I think …
- I would have no hesitation in recommending …