How to Develop Effective Dissertation Aims and Objectives that’ll Impress Your Supervisors
Are you trying to compose your dissertation aims and objectives and don’t know where to start?
You have selected the theme of your research but don’t know what to do next?
Don’t worry because we will guide you.
Not only will we tell you how to compose the aims and objectives of the dissertation, but we will also give you easy to understand
Dissertation aims and objectives examplesthat will help you in composing your own research aims and objectives.
The purpose of the aim and objectives of the research report is to support a logical supposition with valid arguments on which your investigation and data analysis will be based.
After the selection of your research theme, the most important step is to develop the aims and objectives of your research study. This will give a clear direction for your entire investigative process; the hypothesis, data collection method, statistical tool, analysis and conclusion of your report.
What is the difference between the aims and objectives in a dissertation?
Both the statements in a research report try to determine the purpose of the study with assumed outcomes. The only difference between the two is that the aims are generally broad statements that are based on the research theme while the dissertation objectives examples are more specific statements that give way to further tasks in the investigative process. There is one general aim of the research while there can be several objectives.
How to formulate the aims and objectives?
Keep in mind that your research aims and objectives should answer the following questions. While composing this part of your research report, just make sure that you answer the following questions which will make the composition process easier.
Who is the target audience of your study?
Where will the research be conducted? Name the locality, city, country or environment that is the subject of your research?
What is the main purpose of your study? What do you wish to achieve?
How will you conduct the study?
While composing the dissertation objectives, just keep these factors in mind:
- Your objectives should be interlinked with the theme of the research and should be leading up to it
- The scope of your objectives should not be so broad that your research becomes too generic or insignificant.
- Make sure that the objectives that you have listed are realistic and doable.
Dissertation aims and objectives examples
Substance abuse patterns in college students.
To determine the factors that result in substance abuse patterns in college students
- To determine the effect of peer pressure on substance abuse patterns among college students.
- To determine the effect of educational pressure on substance abuse patterns among college students.
There you have all the information you need to know to develop effective aims and objectives for your dissertation that will impress your supervisors.
You’re ready, you’re aimed, and now you have to fire off the objectives. But you’re a bit confused. What”s the difference between the two?
An aims-objectives confusion might arise when you are writing thesis proposal and the introductory thesis chapter. It’s always an issue in research bids. The what’s-the-difference question can have you going around in ever smaller unproductive circles if you can’t figure out a way to differentiate between the two things. And the difference is something I’ve recently been asked about, so I’ve decided to post something of an answer.
Dictionaries are only vaguely helpful when thinking about aims and objectives. My desk dictionary says that an aim is to do with giving direction. An aim is “something intended or desired to be obtained by one’s efforts”. On the other hand an objective is to do with achieving an object, it’s about actions, “pertaining to that whose delineation is known”. Now who actually speaks like this? The fact that these definitions are offered in this very formal language doesn’t help clarify matters. But, once past the antiquated expression, you might discern that the difference between the two is somehow related to a hope or ambition (aim) versus a material action (objective). Or we might say – and it is what is commonly said about aims and objectives – the aim is the what of the research, and the objective is the how.
So taking this what-how as a kind of loose and sloppy differentiation between the two, the rough rule of thumb with aims and objectives is generally that:
(1) The aim is about what you hope to do, your overall intention in the project. It signals what and/or where you aspire to be by the end. It’s what you want to know. It is the point of doing the research. An aim is therefore generally broad. It is ambitious, but not beyond possibility.
The convention is that an aim is usually written using an infinitive verb – that is, it’s a to + action. So aims often start something like.. My aim in this project is … to map, to develop, to design, to track, to generate, to theorise, to build … Sometimes in the humanities and social sciences we have aims which attempt to acknowledge the inevitable partiality of what we do, so we aim ‘to investigate, to understand, and to explore… ‘ But lots of project reviewers and supervisors prefer to see something less tentative than this – they want something much less ambivalent, something more like to synthesise, to catalogue, to challenge, to critically interrogate ….
(2) The objectives, and there are usually more than one, are the specific steps you will take to achieve your aim. This is where you make the project tangible by saying how you are going to go about it.
Objectives are often expressed through active sentences. So, objectives often start something like In order to achieve this aim, I will… collect, construct, produce, test, trial, measure, document, pilot, deconstruct, analyse… Objectives are often presented as a (1) (2) (3) formatted list – this makes visible the sequence of big steps in the project. The list of objectives spells out what you actually and really will do to get to the point of it all.
You have to make the objectives relatively precise. Having a bunch of vague statements isn’t very helpful – so ‘I will investigate’ or ‘I will explore’ for example aren’t particularly useful ways to think about the research objectives. How will you know when an investigation has ended? How will you draw boundaries around an exploration? In thinking about the answer to these questions, you are likely to come up with the actual objectives.
Objectives have to be practical, do-able and achievable. Research reviewers generally look to see if the time and money available for the research will genuinely allow the researcher to achieve their objectives. They also look to see if the objectives are possible, actually research-able.
Because the objectives also act as project milestones, it’s helpful to express them as things that are able to be completed – so for example scoping an archive of materials will have an end point which may then lead on to a next stage/objective. Even if objectives are to occur simultaneously, rather than one after the other, it is important to be clear about what the end point of each step/objective will be, and how it will help achieve the aim.
What not to do
It’s really helpful to think about what can go wrong with aims and objectives. There are some predictable problems that you want to avoid when writing them. These are some common aims-objectives issues:
• There are too many aims. One or two is usually enough. (I might stretch to three for other people’s projects if pushed, but I usually have only one for my own projects.)
• Aims and objectives waffle around, they don’t get to the point and the reader doesn’t have a clue what is actually intended and will be done – aims and objectives need to be concise and economically expressed.
• Aims and objectives don’t connect – the steps that are to be taken don’t match up with the overall intention.
• The aims and the objectives are not differentiated, they are basically the same things but said in different words.
• The objectives are a detailed laundry list rather than a set of stages in the research.
• The objectives don’t stack up with the research methods – in other words they are either not do-able, or what is to be done won’t achieve the desired results.
The final thing to say is that aims and objectives can’t be rushed. Because they generate the research questions and underpin the research design, sorting the aims and objectives are a crucial early stage in planning a research project. Aims and objectives are a foundation on which the entire project is constructed, so they need to be sturdy and durable.
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