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Ashford Phi 103 Critical Thinking Quiz 1

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1 PHI 103 ASH Courses For more course tutorials visit Get Ready to grant success at exam by shop at uoptutorial

2 PHI 103 ASH Courses PHI 103 ENTIRE COURSE PHI 103 Week 1 DQ 1 PHI 103 Week 1 DQ 1 (Consider an argument you have recently) PHI 103 Week 1 DQ 2 (Logic can do a great deal in helping us understand our arguments) PHI 103 Week 1 Quiz PHI 103 Week 2 DQ 1 (Construct a deductive argument) PHI 103 Week 2 DQ 2 (Construct an inductive argument) PHI 103 Week 2 Assignment Final Paper Outline Pro Choice (Legalized Abortion) Consider an argument you have recently had with a friend, family member, manager, co-worker, or someone else. Identify the topic of the argument and present that argument in premise-conclusion form, identifying both the premises and conclusion.

3 PHI 103 ASH Courses PHI 103 Week 1 DQ 2 PHI 103 Week 1 Quiz Logic can do a great deal in helping us understand our arguments. Explain what advantages we obtain by studying logic in terms of improving our reasoning. Consider a debate over whether prayer should be allowed in public schools. Explain what logic can and cannot do. In other words, what kinds of questions and topics are not decided by logical analysis? Question :Which of these could be seen as a premise in an argument? Question :A valid deductive argument, the premises of which are accepted as true, shows Question :"You didn't like that book; so you probably don't like to read" is Question :In the statement, "You didn't like that restaurant; so you probably don't like to eat out," "you probably don't like to out" is the

4 PHI 103 ASH Courses PHI 103 Week 2 Assignment Final Paper Outline Pro Choice PHI 103 Week 2 DQ 1 Final Paper Outline. Review the Final Paper instructions in Week 5 of the onlinecourse or in the “Components of Course Evaluation” section of this guide. Then, visit the Ashford Writing Center (located in the Learning Resources tab in the left navigation bar). Construct a deductive argument that is valid but not sound. Then, construct a valid deductive argument that is sound. Be sure to put the argument in premise-conclusion form.

5 PHI 103 ASH Courses PHI 103 Week 2 DQ 2 PHI 103 Week 2 Quiz Construct an inductive argument for a specific conclusion. Then, explain what you might do to make this inductive argument stronger, either by revising the premises or by revising the conclusion. Question :"10 is less than 100; 100 is less than 1,000; consequently, 10 is less than 1,000" is an example of a Question :One way to make an inductive argument stronger is to Question :All sound arguments are valid, but not all valid arguments are sound. This means Question :Inductive arguments should never be characterized as

6 PHI 103 ASH Courses PHI 103 Week 3 Assignment Stereotype Paper PHI 103 Week 3 DQ 1 Read Stereotyping Has Lasting Negative Impact: Prejudice has lingering effects, study shows and watch How Pre-existing Beliefs Distort Logical Reasoning. Discuss three stereotypes you encounter in your own life and the effect those stereotypes can have on others. This can be a stereotype you realize you have been guilty of holding or someone else. Considering the fallacies discussed in Chapter Four of An Introduction to Logic, construct three different arguments that display distinct fallacies. Give an explanation of why each makes a mistake in drawing the conclusion it does. your classmates’ examples and see if they, in fact, commit the fallacy identified.

7 PHI 103 ASH Courses PHI 103 Week 3 DQ 2 PHI 103 Week 3 Quiz One rich source of fallacies is the media: television, radio, magazines, and the Internet Identify two distinct fallacies you see committed in the media. Do you think it is more likely that you will not be fooled by these fallacies having studied logic? What do you think those presenting these arguments assume about the logical skills of their viewers? Is this a good or bad assumption for them to make? Question :uses too much oil. So they shouldn't develop their industry" may commit which fallacy? Question :"Julie started carrying a rabbit's foot, then she won the lottery. The rabbit's foot must have caused her to win the lottery" commits a(n) Question :A person who is shown his or her argument commits a fallacy should Question :A fallacy is an argument that

8 PHI 103 ASH Courses PHI 103 Week 4 Critical Thinking Quiz PHI 103 Week 4 DQ 1 Question : Mrs. Orlof teaches two history classes, one in the morning and one in the afternoon. Yesterday she gave the same test to both classes. Anyone who failed the test must take a retest. Since a greater percentage of students who took the morning test failed the test than students who took the afternoon test, more of Orlof’s morning history students than afternoon history students will have to take the rest. DQ 1; As stated in our text book “scientists design experiments and try to obtain results verifying a hypothesis Karl Popper's philosophy of science uses modus as the central method of disconfirming, or falsifying, scientific hypotheses.

9 PHI 103 ASH Courses PHI 103 Week 4 DQ 2 PHI 103 Week 4 Quiz Mary is poor. She has not been able to find a job and has two children she needs to feed. Assume Mary is forced to let her children go hungry or steal some food from a local grocery store. Which should she do? Construct an argument that supports Mary's decision to steal the food or an argument that shows why Mary should not steal the food. Question :A good way to establish a conclusion as true, or probable, is to Question :Logicians regard the following as the meaning of the word "argument." Question :A strongly supported claim in science should be regarded as Question :Examining reasons and constructing arguments can help in Question :If the word "should" appears in a sentence, that sentence will always involve an ethical claim.

10 PHI 103 ASH Courses PHI 103 Week 5 DQ 1 PHI 103 Week 5 DQ 2 PHI 103 PHI 103 Week 5 DQ 1;Write two arguments in English, one in the form of modus ponens and one in the form of modus tollens. Then, write the arguments in symbols using sentence letters and truth-functional connectives. Imagine someone asks you what you have learned in your logic class and what you found to be the most useful information you learned there. Is it important for people to study logic? What kinds of mistakes might they make without having been exposed to a careful study of reasoning provided by logic? Offer your response to these questions, and compare your answers to your classmates' responses

11 PHI 103 ASH Courses PHI 103 Week 5 Final Paper Legalized Abortion PHI 103 Week 5 Quiz For the Final Paper, you will identify a specific claim relative to one of the topics listed before and defend it with as strong an argument as possible. These topics are presented below as questions. The best way to develop a thesis statement is to offer an answer to the question, and then state in a clear and specific sentence the basis for your answer Question :The sentence "P → Q" is read as Question :"P v Q" is best interpreted as Question :What is the truth value of the sentence "P v ~ P"? Question :If P is false, and Q is false, the truth-value of "P ↔Q" is Question :"Julie and Kurt got married and had a baby" is best symbolized as

12 PHI 103 ASH Courses For more course tutorials visit Get Ready to grant success at exam by shop at uoptutorial

 1. Question : Which of the following is a claim?   Student Answer:  Is the door shut?     The door is shut.     Shut the door.     Did you shut the door?    Instructor  Explanation: The answer can be found in Section 2.1, “Arguments in Logic,” of  With Good  Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking .   Points Received: 1 of 1    Comments: Question 2.Question : Which of the following is  not  a typical misconception about logic?   Student Answer:  It does not need to be learned.     It is too hard.     It is something that only nonhuman animals are capable of.     It is the systematic study and evaluation of arguments.    Instructor Explanation:The answer can be found in Section 1.2, “Three Misconceptions About Logic,”  of  With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking .   Points Received: 1 of 1    Comments: Question 3.Question : Critical thinkers use the following method when examining things.   Student Answer:  They do not take into account strong evidence.     They follow where emotions lead them when thinking.     They accept things that are presented to them from people whom they  trust and love.     They examine the sources of information and the credibility of the  authors.    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in Section 1.1, “What Is Critical Thinking?” of  With  Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking .   Points Received: 0 of 1    Comments: Question 4.Question : Premises and conclusions have which of the following in common?